Humans can survive for 3 – 4 weeks without food, but only 3 – 4 days without water. Studies have shown that, in certain conditions, people can survive for a week without water. This, however, depends on the climate, the person’s age and overall health. The human body is made up of between 70 – 80% water. Water is important for many reasons. It keeps the joints lubricated, helps to keep body temperature regulated by sweating and respiration, helps the kidneys and liver to flush out bodily waste from the body, forms saliva, and so forth.
Did you know that water also helps the body’s cells to maintain their form? It dissolves salts, sugars, proteins and other substances involved in the digestion and metabolism of food. It also enables the transportation of chemicals around the body, like glucose. We are constantly losing water – going to the bathroom, sweating (perspiring) and even when we exhale! Prof. Packer (from the George Washington University), found that, under extreme conditions, an adult can lose 1 to 1.5 litres of sweat per hour. He also said that, if the lost water is not replaced, the total volume of body fluid can fall quickly and blood volume may drop (the latter is very dangerous). If there is too little blood circulating in the body, blood pressure drops to levels that can be fatal. Important to remember is that, when we stop sweating, our body temperature rises.
Another study by the University of Rochester Medical Centre, indicates that if dehydration / a loss of more than 10% of the person’s body weight, is a medical emergency. If this is not reversed and treated urgently, it can lead to death. An interesting observation is that very mild dehydration can slow down the body’s metabolism with as much as 3%, a 2%-drop in the body’s water can trigger fuzzy short-term memory, trouble staying focused and basic arithmetic.
There are many benefits for drinking water – from feeling cooler on a hot day, to having a less ‘tight’ skin, and you’ll look and feel younger! Most experts agree that you need to drink between 8 – 10 glasses of water per day. Drinking enough water not only eases back and joint pain (as valuable nutrients are carried via the synovial fluid to the cartilages); 5 glasses of water a day can reduce colon cancer risk by up to 45%.
The jury is not yet in agreement on filtered (distilled) vs unfiltered (undistilled) water; and bottled or not bottled water. Many argue that minerals are lost when filtered / distilled.
However, scientifically this is impossible. Filtered / distilled water enhances the body’s mineral absorption rate, other nutrients, and improves elimination of body waste at cellular level.
And then there is the question of bottled water…
The main thing, before buying the water, is to make sure where the water comes from. it is convenient, but can become expensive to buy (especially for a household of 2 / more people). Why not just boil your water before drinking it?
Another factor to consider is: is the plastic bottles good for the environment? Especially as many people still do not recycle? In South Africa alone 1.2 trillion plastic bottles are produced per year! Many producers opt to use BPA-free plastic, but there are other endocrine-disrupting-chemicals that filter through if exposed to heat or stands too long on the shelf. So, opt for a glass bottle instead (or a gym-bottle that can be reused).
On a lighter note, if you think you are hungry but not too sure, instead of reaching for the biscuit tin, why not drink a glass of water first? Wait for 15 minutes to see if you were really hungry or not. Often dehydration is mistaken for hunger; a headache and daytime fatigue are often signs of dehydration. And thirst? That is a sign that you are already starting to dehydrate!
Lastly; if you don’t like the taste of water, add a slice of lemon, mint leaves, strawberries or other berries, to flavour it. This is not only a healthier option but has less artificial sugars and other substances in to flavour the water.
So; let us all raise a glass to mother nature and drink our water! Cheers!!
Ever wondered what the difference and similarities are between Yoga and Pilates? Honestly, not much, except that the one is done much slower and static than the other.
Let me explain.
Yoga (the oldest exercise-routine to date), is a form of stretching and strengthening in a quiet, peaceful environment, where different poses are taught / worked through. Holding a pose / being in a pose for more than a minute, is what makes Yoga different from Pilates. When you are able to relax whilst standing / balancing in a pose for a few minutes, then Yoga becomes advanced. Breathing is important when you practice yoga. Stretching is, apart from warming-up, the other most important part of any exercise-routine. Why? Because your muscles contract when exercising and, if not stretched afterwards, it stays in a “spasm.” This, in turn, can lead to stiffness, injuries, inflammation, and other related issues.
Strength-building through yoga comes when you are able to stay in a certain pose / position for more than 1 minute.
Pilates (founded by Joseph Pilates), is a combination of yoga, ballet and aerobics (the latter referring to the use of apparatus and floorwork). Originally it was seen as a rehabilitation-method, which helped the ballet dancers of the New York Ballet School, but soon more and more people came. And today there are hundreds of gyms, studios and the like, teaching Pilates.
Breathing, as in yoga, is extremely important when doing Pilates. Every movement is done in accordance to a certain way of breathing. This is one of the few differences between the two. In Yoga and other exercises, one breathes abdominally. However, in Pilates one keeps the tummy tucked-in and breathes into the lungs (as if pulling up a zip – the same way ballet dancers breathe).
Pilates-movements, like yoga, strengthen the body from the inside to the outside…once the core is strong, it creates a ripple effect to the outside muscles.
Both Pilates and Yoga builds flexibility and suppleness, strength, awareness and helps you relax (even when the body is moving!)
Exercising more mindfully and slowly (controlled) put you in touch with your body and your breath. Most people do not use their whole lung-capacity; in Yoga and Pilates it is vital to breathe deeply and slowly. Very important too is to always listen to your body and do what you are capable of.
All in all, both Yoga and Pilates are great exercise-routines for everyone – including children, the elderly, injured people, pregnant ladies and yes, even men! Did you know that the Blue Bulls and Tiger Woods practice Pilates? And that Sting has been doing Yoga for years?
So next time you want to do something different, why not try Pilates or Yoga…or both?
One is never to old to learn something new!
More and more people are suffering from either allergy and/or food intolerances. Many, many years ago, allergies were something alien; when a child didn’t want to eat certain foods, saying it made him feel bloated or caused a blocked nose, he was told he is “fussy.”
Years later many people’s perspectives have changed, due to more people becoming allergic or intolerant. The internet and magazines writing about it, put these two on the map, as it were, and today it is not weird anymore if you come across someone who is allergic or has a food intolerance.
What is the difference then?
An allergy is an abnormal reaction by the body to foreign substances, called allergens. Once they enter the body, the body’s immune system detects it and produces an allergy-associated antibody known as Immunoglobulin E (IgE), to fight the allergens. An allergic reaction can be sudden, but it can also build-up over time. Examples are sneezing, wheezing, itching, developing a rash (like eczema), shortness of breath, fatigue, headaches (migraines included), hives, and a swollen tongue and/or lips, are some of the symptoms. A sudden reaction will be swollen lips, tongue, not being able to breathe, anaphylaxis shock (the latter can be fatal).
There are many allergens, for example, dairy products like milk and cream, peanuts, shell fish, bee stings, pollen, smoke (including second hand smoking), avocado’s, bananas, mould, dust mites, animal hair (cats and dogs), eggs, chocolate, colourings, preservatives, chemicals found in washing powders, soups and make-up, deodorant, medicine, like Penicillin, and so forth. Another trigger is also any fruit, cooldrink, medicine and the like, that is yellow / uses yellow as a colouring. Added preservatives to food and especially cooldrinks (fizzy drinks especially), can also trigger an allergic reaction.
Allergies can be tested by blood tests, elimination diets and the “arm-test” (using kinesiology). The latter is one of the older forms of testing for allergies, but more and more doctors are using it again. It is also easy to do – all you do is hold the food (that you suspect is causing the allergy), in your writing hand, against your body just above your naval. Stretch out your other arm and ask a friend / partner / parent to press it gently. You must try and resist. If you can, then it is not the culprit. If your arm goes down halfway, it means you should not eat / drink it regularly. If your arm goes down all the way (and you cannot resist the gentle press), it is the culprit and should be avoided. Speaking from experience I can assure you that this test works!
The biggest difference between allergies and food intolerances, is that allergies can be fatal. Anaphylaxis is the most fatal, although vomiting, skin rashes (e.g. eczema), asthma and diarrhoea, can also be linked to allergies.
Food intolerances, on the other hand, is not related to the immune system. It is not fatal but can cause bloating, constipation, tiredness, irritable bowel symptom, sneezing (hay fever) and a scratchy throat. There are two different types:
An abnormal absorption of food, that results from an enzyme deficiency (for example lactose intolerance – caused due to a lack of the lactase enzyme – needed by the body to digest the milk sugar lactose);
A reaction caused by naturally occurring chemicals in food, e.g. tyramine and histamine, or food additives, like sulphur dioxide and benzoates.
Do not confuse cold symptoms with an allergic reaction. Colds usually disappear in a week to 10 days. Allergic rhinitis, on the other hand, can linger for weeks; even months. Nasal discharge from a cold start of runny, then thickens. With an allergy it often stays runny, itches, your eyes water and/or your skin itches. When hay fever turns into sinusitis, your nose can become blocked and feel stuffy all the time.
Another interesting fact about allergies and intolerances is that adults can also develop it (even if they’ve never been allergic or intolerant in their early years). The sulphurs used in wine can trigger it, food, animals, pollen, pollution and even stress. Some can also develop IBS (irritable bowel syndrome) after an operation; especially in the abdomen and/or small or large intestine.
Growing up with allergies, I can assure you that life wasn’t always easy; especially because not many people understood what it really meant to be allergic. However, I was lucky to outgrow most of it and today I simply avoid what I still cannot consume and live a healthy, active life! I also believe that it is best – in the long-term – to treat the cause and not just the symptom. So, instead of only relying just on anti-histamine tablets to supress the symptoms, why not see a homeopath / naturopath for a second opinion? All the homeopaths in South Africa has got medical background as well, so you do get “the best of both,” so to speak.
All in all; remember to wear a MedicAlert-bracelet if you are highly allergic (especially to Penicillin). If you are not sure, consult a doctor or your health practitioner.
Lastly; many food intolerances can be / are outgrown, but some allergies not; so just make sure you know the difference and plan your meals, and so forth, accordingly.
To meditate (or become still), is a simple way of “shutting down” the little voice in your head. It is to become still, to connect with your inner self, higher self and Divinity / God / Spirit. There are many people for it and many people against it. Whether you spend your quiet time in nature, in your room, at a spa or in a sacred space, meditation has proven time and time again that it has a tremendous positive impact on a person.
Scientists have proven that, when you are meditating, you go into a state of “semi-sleep.” This not only slows down your heart-rate, but also lowers your stress-levels, as the breathing becomes deeper and slower. Regular meditation can, over time, help you to get by with less sleep (up to an hour a day) and still have more than enough energy for the day ahead.
Meditation is not a religion. However, for those who are sceptic about it, in the Bible it says that one should go within and become still. It is a time, for me, to connect with Divinity / Spirit within, to relax, get rid of stress, and just be.
In a recent newspaper-article I read that meditation, yoga and dance, are now being taught in more-and-more schools in South Africa (something that has been done for a number of years overseas), to help the young children to cope with the everyday violence that they see (especially in the areas where gang-violence is rife). It is also being taught in various prisons locally as well as internationally; and studies have shown that crime, violence and aggression, have dropped tremendously. In the modern world meditation is also called mindfulness. Both are wonderful ways to not just calm down and become still, but also to get in touch with the inner self and Divinity.
Not only is it fantastic to help you cope better with what life throws at you, but it will also show in your face and skin. Stress, as we all know, plays havoc on our skin. When you make time to meditate, you not only learn how to breathe better and sleep better, but on a physical level, your skin will glow.
Meditation / mindfulness is a simple, easy-to-learn way of “shutting down” the buzz in our heads. In today’s world, where everything is fast pace, one loses touch with not just oneself sometimes, but also with loved-ones and nature. Even if you just do it for 20 minutes a day (maybe 10 minutes in the morning and 10 minutes before sleeping), you will sooner, rather than later, start to notice the changes.
A simple, easy way to relax and become still, is to switch off all devices, close your eyes and just take slow, deep breathes in and out. You can use soft music in the background or just listen to nature (if possible). When your mind is busy, relax and just imagine your thoughts are like a movie script. It comes into your mind / sight, and it goes out. Breathing deeply and slowly, you can “tell” yourself to relax each and every part of the body, for example as you inhale, contract your leg muscles and as you exhale, consciously relax them, and so forth. Another simple and easy way to relax is to use visualization. You can either focus on a colour and “imagine” inhaling it in, be surrounded by it, and engage all your senses: smell, taste, touch. Or you can visualize sitting on the beach, listening to the waves. There are many apps that you can also download to listen to, as well as YouTube-channels that will guide you through the meditation.
At the end of the day, meditation is a way to become still, more focused (mindful) and to relax at a deep level. “Be still my heart and know that I am God.”
We start life in this world by drawing our first breath and exhaling it (usually) with a cry!
Breathing is considered the most important of all the functions of the body because all the other functions depend upon it. A person can exist several days without food, fewer days without drinking but only minutes without breathing.
Because respiration is an automatic function and takes care of itself, it is considered unnecessary to do anything about it. The result is that today most people only breathe enough to keep them alive. Their breathing is so shallow that they are using only about a quarter of their lung capacity.
The breath that consists mainly of oxygen permeates every cell in the body and is the force for the renewal and revitalizing of every cell. Therefore, by breathing more fully and deeply not only do you improve your health but also the quality of your life.
Although inhalation and exhalation is done spontaneously, it can be controlled consciously. Conscious, deep breathing should not be too difficult to do for one do it without being aware of it – it takes place while you sleep! By practicing deep breathing consciously we will become aware of our breathing and hopefully better it.
So, when you inhale, let your ribs expand sideways – starting from the bottom up. The diaphragm will move down and the belly will rise slightly so as to increase the lung capacity. The entire inhalation should be done gently and effortlessly. With the exhalation you use a slight pressure to push the complete air out; by pulling the belly slightly back.
“Discover your lungs” by practicing deep breathing whenever you get a chance; for example waiting in a queue, in the car and especially before you go to sleep. By practicing deep breathing we not only oxygenate our brains and clear our minds but we also improve the blood circulation and the functioning of the immune system.
Breath and emotions are also closely linked: when we are frightened we gasp in and hold our breath; when tired or bored, we take a long breath in and out – we yawn; when angry our breath is irregular and when tense of full of worries we breathe shallow. But it is possible to reduce the effect of emotional turbulence by bringing the breath under control by breathing more evenly and deeply. This will calm the nerves and steady the mind. We are not only dependent on our breath for life.
Our capacity to breathe well will often determine our vitality level. Be being present energetically we can affect our everyday life and “embrace the blessing we have received.” Through the ages different kinds of breathing exercises have been used to attain specific results. This will be discussed at a later stage.
With winter still not over, maybe we could practise a warming breath in order to beat the cold:
Take a deep breath in and breathe out forcefully, contracting the abdominal muscles. Immediately breathe in again with the same force, expanding the abdominal muscles. Continue for 10 breathes. This is one round. Repeat 3 – 5 rounds.
Living somewhere where it is warm, sometimes hot and/or humid? Then try the cooling breath: curl your tongue up into a little flute / pipe and slowly inhale and exhale!
Breath is life; taking care of our lungs and breathing at full capacity, is not just a great way to carry oxygen to all the organs, cells, blood vessels and muscles, but is vital to maintain optimum lung functioning.
So go on; stay warm or cool just by breathing!
Wintertime is not just a time when humans struggle with dry skin. Our furry friends can also struggle with it during the winter. So…what to do?
First of all, make sure there is enough drinking water for your pets, as well as for the birds, bees and other insects outside. This, of course, only applies if you’re living somewhere where it is dry in winter; not where it is raining 😉 If you don’t have space for a bird bath, place a bowel or basin with fresh water outside.
Secondly; add some oil to your pets’ food. A tablespoon of sunflower oil or olive oil will keep their digestive tract going. It is also a wonderful and important addition to their diet that will keep their skin soft, their hair shiny and prevent their skin from drying out during these cold months.
Thirdly; make sure your pets eat a healthy, balanced meal. Don’t forget the birds though! Spare some breadcrumbs and/or mealiepap and/or fruit for our feathery friends too! Food is very scarce at this time of the year – especially in the urban areas where there are not many fruit and berry trees left.
Lastly – if you find ants in your kettle, don’t be upset. Place a small plate of water on the kitchen counter and violà! No more ants climbing into the kettle to look for water! After all, big or small, hairy, feathery or not, everybody needs more water and oil during the winter months!
Many of us have made resolutions each and every year…only to fail at achieving some or even all of them! Why does this happen? A recent study indicated that 88% of resolutions fail due to being too vague. So, what to do to achieve your goals?
- Set goals throughout the year instead of only at the beginning of each new year. This will create a sense of “I can do this,” which is healthy for mind and body.
- The key is Self-awareness. Before you set any goal, make sure that you know what your strengths and weaknesses are. Knowing this, it’ll make it easier to achieve your goal(s).
- Making use of the SMART-module: Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Relevant and Time-based.
Let us have a detailed-look at how this module works.
S: Specific: be very specific when you make your goal(s). The more detail, the better you can visualize achieving it. Writing it down will help you to be more specific, thus obtaining better results in the end. And the more detail you put in, the better your chances of making your dream(s) come true.
M: Measurable: once you have written your goal(s) down, go back to your notes and measure how far you have come. This will help you to stay on track until the end.
A: Attainable: I have mentioned it before, but to truly know yourself is the key to success. When you know yourself, you know how challenging your goals can be in order for you to achieve it. When your goals are too challenging, however, it can easily discourage you; so be careful! Part of what is called Positive Psychology, is to set little goals throughout the day, the week, the month, and the year. Not only will this be easier to achieve, but it’ll keep you happy (as you reach each one).
R: Relevant (Realistic): Positive Psychology says that, when your goals matches your values and bring meaning to you, it is far easier to stick to achieving it. Writing it down (as said before), is a good way to keep you focused and on track.
T: Time-based: if, for example, you want to lose weight, instead of saying “I want to loose 10 kg in a month,”say “I want to loose 2.5 kg in a week.” These smaller milestones are much easier to achieve and more realistic.
Most of the time when we plan something or decide on doing something, there is a sense of anxiety. Remember to stay calm and know that you get good anxiety and bad anxiety. Good anxiety is when you get butterflies in your stomach and/or when your heart begins to beat a little bit faster. This is ok; as it is getting your body and mind ready (charged up) for the challenge / decision / goal ahead.
Bad anxiety is when you start to worry too much, lose sleep, let your mind go into overdrive with “what if.” This is not good for your body and your mind. Thus, be mindful when this starts to happen. Take slow, deep breathes, and either meditate on the issue at hand and the various outcomes, or write it down. Writing it down one can also look at the different outcomes and then visualize and re-program your mind as it were, a positive outcome. This will make you feel less stressful and the outcome will be more successful.
Many people start a new year or new week feeling geared up and ready to tackle their goals. However, often people fall of the bandwagon not soon afterwards. Why? Because people get disappointed and disheartened when they go off track. For example, when you want to quick smoking or eat less processed food, you sometimes cheat. This is ok!! We are all human; so, if this does happen, instead of giving up, keep at it. When you exercise, your body can reach a plateau and it will seem as if you are “standing still.” This is just a plateau that your body has reached. As you keep working towards your goals, you will get better and better. Think of top athletes or musicians; they didn’t give up when this happened. They acknowledged it, carried on and reached the top. It does take commitment, hard work and persistence, but like a marriage or relationship, in the end the results speak for themselves.
Dr. Mike sums it up brilliantly: “It is much better to put in 100% with a 20% plan than it is to put in 20% into a 100% plan!”
Winter has arrived in the Northern Hemisphere; with snow on the mountains and cold fronts hitting the shores. Now is the time to start taking extra care of everybody’s health!
Start by taking extra vitamin B and vitamin C; especially a vitamin C that targets colds and flu (for example Viral Choice’s Vitamin C with Echinacea). If you, or anyone in your family, suffer from a sensitive stomach, use buffered vitamin C (it comes in a powder and tablet form). Because vitamin C is a water-soluble vitamin (your body does not store it), it is necessary to take it on a daily basis.
Drink at least 6 – 8 glasses of water a day to keep you hydrated and your skin from drying out. Being inside is lovely, but like the wind, the warm air can also dry out the skin. A good tip is to put a small bowl or plate of water in every room to keep it moist – that way the air won’t be dry, especially if you are indoors most of the time.
Do not take antibiotics (unless it becomes worse)! Why? Because colds and flu are caused by viruses and taking antibiotics will only target the bacteria that created the viruses in the first place.
Rather up your fluid intake, make a chicken soup / broth – you know; like the one your gran / mom always made? And get plenty of rest! Have a sore throat? Gargle with salt stirred into warm water. Salt is a natural antibiotic and anti-inflammatory! Blocked nose? Mix some salt with a little bit of bicarbonate of soda in warm water and sniff!? It will help to clear your stuffy nose!
Add more fruit and vegetables to your diet, for example citrus fruits, kiwi, papaya, broccoli and spinach. Eat foods that contain probiotics, for example yoghurt (a good immune-booster), add honey and/or garlic to your food and drinks (both have natural anti-inflammatory properties in) and oily fish for those omega 3 and 6-oils (another important immune system building block).
The last thing you want to do when it is freezing outside is to get up…and if the weather is dull…it makes it even harder! But; there is a way to get rid of those winter blues and that is…laughter! Laughing gives your immune system a boost by raising the levels of antibodies in your white blood cells; helping them to fight off viruses and other infections. Laughter, therefore, is the best medicine!
A very important habit for everyone (not just in winter) is to wash your hands when you come home from work, the shops, the gym or the school. Don’t touch your eyes, mouth or nose if you haven’t washed your hands yet and guard against using utensils of someone that is ill. Teach the children to cover their mouths when they cough or their noses when they sneeze.
Elderly people should take extra care during winter as they are more susceptible to illnesses. Studies have shown that extra zinc (or a zinc supplement) not only boosts the immune system, but it can also shorten the duration of the cold (if taken within 24 hours after the cold started).
Open the windows at home and let the crisp, fresh air blow through. Staying in heating all the time and then going into the cold is not always such a good idea. However, if you are indoors with the heater on, do remember to keep the air humidified.
An old tip from my late granddad: when you go outside into the cold, cover your mouth! Why? Because breathing cold air in (especially if you are feeling a bit under the weather), can bring about a cold, flu and/or sore throat!
All in all, winter does not have to be a time to dread! In fact, there are many things to look forward to: from dressing warm, walking in nature (keep active!) and enjoying the “different look” of the plants, to drinking hot chocolate and snuggling under the duvet to watch a movie and laughing your blues away! ��#
“Let’s start at the very beginning…a very good place to start; When you read you begin with A, B, C…”
And when you think of fruit and vegetables? You begin with… “an apple a day keeps the doctor away!”
With winter arriving in the Northern Hemisphere one tends to go for the “comfort” foods, for example breads, pastas, and warm puddings. It is important, however, to make sure that you and your family eat balanced, nutritious meals, in order to keep illnesses, dry skin and lack of energy, at bay.
Fruits like Apples, Bananas, Berries (blackberries, blackcurrants, strawberries, gooseberries), Grapes, Nectarines, Oranges, Papaya, Pears, Kiwi fruit, Pineapple and Pomegranate, are packed with nutrients, minerals and vitamins.
Apples, for example, contain many vitamins and minerals, are a high source of soluble fibre, are rich in antioxidants and keep the blood sugar levels constant;
Berries contain plenty of vitamins and antioxidants (the latter help fight free radicals and the ageing process).
Seasonal vegetables like Artichokes, Asparagus, Aubergines (Brinjal / Eggplant), Avocado, Beans, Beetroot, Broccoli, Cabbage, Carrots, Cauliflower, Corn, Leek, Mushrooms, Peppers, Potatoes, Pumpkin, Spinach, Sweet Potato and Tomatoes, are also full of nutrients and packed with goodness.
Carrots and Peppers, for example, are packed with beta-carotene. The body converts this into Vitamin A (important for good eyesight; especially night vision and the immune system).
Sweet Potatoes are rich in antioxidants, high in folic acid and stabilize oestrogen levels, alleviate PMS and menopausal-symptoms.
Although not in season at the moment dried apricots contain plenty of iron, vitamin A, C and beta carotene (important for keeping anaemia at bay, healthy eyes and a strong immune system).
So mom, dad, students; when packing your lunchboxes, making supper or eating out, don’t forget your fruit and vegetables.
Feeling that afternoon-slump creeping up? Before you run to the biscuit tin, grab an apple to keep your blood sugar levels even…
Need an instant energy-lift? Grab a banana!